I suppose there were gophers in the Garden of Eden, so I’m answering my own question. I’m pretty sure whoever the great-grandfather of all gophers was, he made a beeline for the Tree of Life (that’s the one Adam and Eve didn’t get involved with) and had a couple mouthfuls of the root. That’s why gophers are immortal. At least, they are in my garden. I’ve drowned them, poisoned them, trapped them, set the cat on them, and smoked them out with flares, but they rise eternal, like the phoenix from the ashes. And then they run amok in the tomatoes, dreaming all the while, I suppose, of Eden.